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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-47

Role of robotics and spinal navigation in reducing surgical complications

Department of Spine Surgery, Ganga Medical Centre and Hospitals Pvt. Ltd. , Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
Department of Spine Surgery, Ganga Medical Centre and Hospitals Pvt. Ltd., 313, Mettupalayam Road, Coimbatore641043, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/isj.isj_72_22

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Spine surgery has witnessed exponential technological innovation over the past few decades to overcome the challenges of complex surgeries, reduce complications, and increase safety. Advancements have occurred in biologics, implants, operative techniques, and equipment such as navigation and surgical robotics. In addition to patient safety, these technologies protect the operating personnel from the harmful effects of radiation. Navigation provides simultaneous and multiplanar visualization of anatomy, real-time feedback of instruments, and implant position, which, in turn, improves the accuracy and hand–eye coordination of the surgeon. Robotics further improves outcomes by reducing human error through increased precision in execution, indefatigability, motion scaling, and tremor filtration via mechanical actuation. This review provides an overview of the current navigation and robotic systems in spine surgeries and their role in the safety and prevention of surgical complications.

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